What is Problem Identification, Methods, and How to Identify Problems

What is Problem Identification, Methods, and How to Identify Problems – Hello loyal friends, we meet again with useful articles.

Well, this time we will share article info about Understanding Problem Identification, Problem Identification Methods, and How to Identify Problems.

Before we get into the discussion of problem identification, it would be nice to first understand what a problem is. Come on, take a look at the article below!

What is Problem Identification

Understanding Problems According to Experts

Below are some definitions of the problem according to experts.

1. Abdul Cholil

According to Abdul Cholil, problems are a small part of life.

Every human being must have had and also faced problems both from themselves and those that would come from other people.

2. Istijanto

According to Istijanto, the problem is where the most important part in a research process, because the problem can also present clues in the form of the type of information which we will really need.

Definition of Problem Identification

The definition of problem identification is the introduction of a problem or problem inventory. Problem identification is one of the most important research processes compared to other processes.

Research problems can determine the quality of research, even determine whether an activity can be called research.

Research problems can be found through library research or field observations (observations, surveys, etc.).

Research questions can be defined as statements that question variables or the relationship between variables in a phenomenon.

The variable itself can be interpreted as the difference between one thing and another.

Here are some things that could be the source of the problem:

1. Reading

Reading research journals Reports of research results can be used as a source of questions, because a good research report must contain research recommendations related to future research.

Due to research limitations, an investigation often cannot solve all the problems. This requires more research when raising unsolved issues.

In addition to research journals, other general readings can also be used as a source of questions.

For example, reading a book, especially a book that describes the symptoms in life involving scientific and technical dimensions or reading in the form of a printed article.

2. Scientific meeting

Questions can be obtained through scientific meetings such as seminars and discussions. Seminars, conferences, etc. Various questions may arise in scientific meetings that need to be answered through surveys.

3. Manifesto of Power (Authority)

People who have power or authority are often people who are under the power of those who are under their command.

Some things disclosed by the authorities may be the source of the problem. Authority here can be formal and informal.

4. Observation

Observations made by a person about things that are planned or unplanned, whether temporary or long term, can create problems.

5. Interview and Questionnaire

Through interviews with the community, you can understand the current situation in the field and understand the current problems faced by certain communities.

Likewise, by distributing questionnaires to the community, they will be able to understand the real problems in the community.

This activity is generally carried out as a preliminary study to examine problems in the field and ensure that there are problems in the community.

6. Experience

Experience is arguably the best teacher. But not all experiences of a person are always positive, but sometimes the opposite is true.

A person’s experience, either obtained by himself or by others, can be a source of problems that can be solved through research.

7. Intuition

Intuitively, humans will have problems. Questions about this kind of research come to the minds of people at unplanned times.

The seven factors above can influence each other in generating research questions, and they can also cause problems independently.

Therefore, to determine the problem, you can look for the root cause of the problem above.

The sources of these questions can influence each other in determining research questions, or they can also be through a single source.

After determining the problem, you must select and determine the issue to be raised in the investigation.

To select and determine questions that are worth studying, it is necessary to pay attention to good standard questions.

Definition of Problem Identification According to Experts

The definition of problem identification according to experts includes the following:

1. Amien Silalahi

Amien Silalahi defines that problem identification is an attempt to list as many questions as possible to a problem for which an answer can be found.

2. Suriasumantri

Problem identification according to Suriasumantri means that problem identification is the initial stage of problem mastery where objects in a certain fabric can be recognized as a problem.

Function Definition of Problem Identification

Following are some of the troubleshooting features.

  • As a form of encouragement for research activities to occur research activities.
  • Gaining new insights as the problem formulation develops.
  • Knowing what needs to be discussed and what needs to be done to become new works, results, or knowledge.
  • Can easily determine which ones to prioritize and which ones are just complementary.

Types of Problem Identification

The following are several types of problem identification, which will be described in the following order.

1. Associative Problem Formulation

Associative problem is the relationship between two or more variables in the research process. Symmetry, causality and reciprocity.

2. Comparative Problem Formulation

Comparative questions are survey questions, which compare the presence of one or more variables with two different samples and times.

3. Descriptive Problem Formulation

Descriptive questions are questions related to statements about the existence of independent variables, about one or more variables, and types of independent variables.

Such research does not seek or use other variables and samples.

How to Identify Problems

Here are some ways that researchers do to identify a problem:

  • Must be able to understand the theory, facts and ideas of a research. This can be obtained by means of literature research.
  • New knowledge about researchers’ interests can be obtained through new journals, magazines, and books.
  • At the end of the research report and research report review, you need to provide a summary of the research objectives.
  • Gradual influence of life situations, relationships established by research related to technological progress.
  • You must have curiosity, because that is usually what sparks interest in problem identification.
  • That is some information on how to identify the Problem.

It can be concluded that problem identification is the introduction of a problem which is then investigated for observation purposes.

There are many things that you can make the source of the problem and identify why the problem occurs.

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