What is Diction, Definition, Functions, Types and Examples– Until now, there are still many lay people who do not understand diction perfectly.
Diction itself is a choice of words that are appropriate and in harmony with their use in conveying an idea or story so that the desired effect is obtained.
What are the functions and types of this diction? Let’s check for more complete information regarding the meaning, function, type and examples of diction below!
Definition, Functions, Types to Examples of Diction
Language is used as a medium of communication in everyday life to convey ideas orally or in writing.
A good writer must use the correct diction in the right placement so that it is easy to understand.
Excessive use of vocabulary can make it difficult for others to understand the message conveyed.
What is Diction?
Simply put, diction is the choice of words that are appropriate and in harmony in their use to express ideas so that certain effects are obtained as expected.
Accuracy in the selection and placement of words in sentences will determine the success of a piece of writing.
Writers who are able to express their ideas with different nuances of words from other writers are successful writers.
A qualified writer will be able to combine general words and special words, abstract and concrete, long and short words, popular and scientific words, connotative and denotative meanings in their writing.
This ability makes words small, but amazing in meaning.
To add to your understanding of diction, here Mamikos adds the definition of diction according to the experts:
- According to Susilo Mansurudin, diction is an appropriate and appropriate choice of words that can give a value to the words for the readers. This correct choice of words is useful to prevent errors in interpreting different words.
- According to Keraf, diction is the use of words used to be able to inform an idea in the form of a group of words that are appropriate and appropriate in the situation.
- According to the KBBI, diction is the use of the right words in the use of a main idea in the choice of words.
- According to Enre, diction is a choice of words that are appropriate and harmonious in representing real feelings in the pattern of a sentence.
What is the Function of Using Diction?
Referring to the definition of diction above, the function of diction is so that the choice of words and the method of delivery can be carried out correctly so that other people understand the meaning conveyed.
Diction also serves to beautify a sentence.
For example, diction in a story, with good diction, the delivery of the story can be done in a coherent manner, explaining the characters, describing the setting and time, and so on.
Meanwhile, here are some diction functions:
- Make it easier for readers or listeners to understand and understand what the author or speaker wants to convey
- The words conveyed become clearer so that they feel appropriate and appropriate in the context of their use
- Anticipating the occurrence of different interpretations or interpretations between the sender of the sentence and the recipient
- Good and appropriate diction can be used to beautify sentences so that the story made can be more coherent by describing the characters, setting and time, as well as the storyline.
- To describe the expression of ideas and ideas that will be conveyed
- Make communication more effective and efficient
What are the Benefits of Diction?
The benefits of diction are not only felt by the recipient of the message, namely the reader and listener, but also the sender of the message or idea.
The following are some of the benefits of diction that you must also know.
For writers and speakers
Diction or the right choice of words is very useful for the writer to distinguish between the words he has written and the words quoted from others.
The right diction can also facilitate the writing process so that it flows more smoothly and doesn’t seem contrived with sentences that don’t fit the context.
For readers or listeners
For readers or listeners, the most important thing when reading or listening to a story is how easy it is to understand.
Light language and precise diction are usually preferred over convoluted language and swirling storylines.
By choosing the right diction, it is hoped that readers and listeners will be able to distinguish synonyms, antonyms, and other words with similar spellings.
So that readers and listeners can understand better if the use of diction is in accordance with the context.
What are the Diction Requirements?
In order for the resulting story to be more interesting, a good diction or word choice must also meet the following requirements:
- Accurate choice of words when conveying an idea.
- The author must also have the ability to correctly distinguish the meaning based on the idea to be conveyed. And have the ability to find a form that fits the situation and the taste of the readers.
- Can master a variety of vocabulary and be able to use words into a sentence that is clear, easy to understand and more effective.
What are the Characteristics of Diction?
Diction also has characteristics, including:
- Right on the choice of words to express ideas or things that are mandated.
- Can be used to distinguish nuances of meaning with a form that is appropriate to the idea and situation as well as the value of the reader’s sense.
- Using the vocabulary owned by the language community and being able to move or empower that wealth into a clear word.
Types of Diction and Examples
Based on lexical, diction is distinguished based on its lexical meaning or dictionary meaning because it comes from the Indonesian dictionary.
Lexical meaning is the meaning of the types of words that are concrete and denotative and have not changed form.
Based on lexical diction, they are divided into several types, including the following:
Synonyms are also called word equivalents or word equations because they have the same meaning. Examples of synonyms include:
- Smart: smart
- Clothes: clothes
- Sun: sun
- Bad: ugly
- Diligent: active
Example sentences using synonyms:
- Dini is the smartest child in the class because she studies hard
- Dini is the smartest child in the class because she studies hard
The two sentences use different words or diction in the choice of words “clever” and “diligent”. However, both of them still have the same meaning and understanding even though they are replaced with the words “smart” and “active”.
Antonyms are also called opposites or word differences because they have opposite meanings. Examples of antonyms include:
- Diligent >< Lazy
- Smart >< Stupid
- Big >< Small
- Long >< Short
- Old >< Young
Example sentences using antonyms:
- Dini is lazy to study so he becomes a stupid child.
- Dini is diligent in studying so that she becomes a smart child.
When the two sentences use opposite words, the meaning conveyed becomes different and opposite.
Homonyms are words that have different meanings but have the same pronunciation or pronunciation and spelling. An example of the application sentence is as follows:
- Sentence 1: The roof of the house leaks so that water enters the house when it rains.
- Sentence 2: The situation at school is very critical because students from other schools are fighting against the school.
The word “critical” in the first sentence contains a meaning that indicates a noun in the form of a roof or roof. While the word “critical” in the second sentence contains the meaning of urgent or urgent.
Unlike homonyms, homophones have the same pronunciation, but different meanings and spellings. An example of the application sentence is as follows:
- Sentence 1: I miss my teenage years when I was in school.
- Sentence 2: More and more demonstrators are approaching the DPR building.
Both sentences use the words “mass and masa” which have the same pronunciation but have different spellings and meanings.
The word “mass” in the first sentence has the meaning of time or time. Meanwhile, the word “mass” in the second sentence has the meaning of a large number of people.
Homographs are words or dictions that have the same spelling but different meanings and pronunciations. An example of the application sentence is as follows:
- Sentence 1: This morning I had an apple for breakfast.
- Sentence 2: Every morning before going to class the children must have an apple first.
The word “apple” in the first sentence is pronounced with the same pronunciation as the word me in the word hit and has the meaning of the name of an apple.
Meanwhile, the word “apple” in the second sentence is pronounced like the spelling of the letter L (el) and has the meaning of gathering.
Polysemy is a type of word that has the same spelling and pronunciation but has many meanings and meanings when used in different contexts. An example of the application sentence is as follows:
- Sentence 1: Risna plants jasmine flowers that smell very fragrant.
- Sentence 2: Risna has a very beautiful face so that she becomes a village flower in her village.
- Sentence 3: Conventional banks give 10% interest every month.
The word “flower” has the same spelling and pronunciation but has many and different meanings. The first sentence contains the meaning of the name of a flower or plant.
The second sentence contains a figurative meaning as the most beautiful girl. The third sentence contains the meaning of profit.
7. Hypernyms and Hyponyms
Hypernym is a general word that is used to mention other words because it can represent other words.
Meanwhile, a hyponym is a word whose meaning is represented by the word hypernym. An example of the application of the sentence is as follows:
- Pak Tono keeps a lot of birds in his house such as pigeons, parrots, turtles, and so on.
The hypernym in the sentence is “bird” which represents the hyponym, namely “dove, parrot, and turtle”.
Things to Pay Attention to In Choosing Diction
Diction is one of the determining factors whether the ideas or messages to be conveyed can arrive and are as expected or not.
Often because of the limited vocabulary of a writer and speakers find it difficult to convey their meaning.
Not only choosing the right diction, there are several things that must be considered in writing sentences and paragraphs.
The elements of diction which consist of these 8 elements must be arranged in such a way as to be easily understood by the reader or listener.
The following are things that must be considered in determining diction, including:
1. Do not use repetition of words
Repetition of words will make sentences that are made to be wasteful, ineffective, and seem convoluted. Avoid using repeated words such as the following:
- Rina was asked to come forward. (automatic forward words are used to go to the front, so there is no need to repeat by adding forward words)
- Don’t back down because there’s a ditch, or you’ll fall! (automatic rewind is used to point backwards)
- Dea has already made future plans for the next vacation. (the word plan means everything that hasn’t happened yet and will happen in the future so it doesn’t need to be added in the future)
2. Sentences submitted must use concise diction so as not to waste words
There is no need to use words that are repeated and contain the same meaning in a sentence so as not to waste words. Try to make sentences concise and clear so that they are easier to understand.
The following is an example of an incorrect sentence and an example of its correction:
- The finance director stated that as a result of the steps taken last month, the financial budget for production and operations became swollen. (incorrect diction)
- The finance director said that the financial budget for production and operations had swelled. (correct diction)
3. Simplify sentence structure
The simpler the sentence, the easier it will be to understand. As much as possible do not need to use clauses and use radio language or everyday speech.
Break it into several sentences if you find a sentence that has a subordinate clause.
Here’s an example of its implementation:
- The task of educating should be a shared task between teachers and parents at home so that children can get appropriate role models both at school and at home. (incorrect diction)
- Teachers and parents must work together in educating children. So that children will get good role models at school and at home. (correct diction)
4. Avoid wasting words
Often in a sentence there are words that actually do not need to be written because they do not have a function as a complement or support for other words. Here’s an example:
- The result of the meeting between Rino’s teacher and parents yesterday was that Rino had to be suspended or banned from school for a few days. (non-standard sentence)
- The result of the meeting between Rino’s teacher and parents yesterday was that Rino had to be suspended. (standard sentence)
That’s the information that we can share regarding the definition, function, type and examples of Diction. Hopefully the information above can add to your insight about diction.
If you want to be a good writer or speaker, it is very important to learn from the smallest element, namely words or diction.