What Is A Course Management System (CMS) Platform ?
A Course Management System (CMS) is a platform for open and distance training is software that supports the delivery of open and distance training. This type of software brings together the necessary tools for the three main users – trainer, trainee, administrator – of a device whose main objectives are remote consultation of educational content, individualized learning and tele tutoring.
hosts multimedia educational content
controls access to resources
offers educational activities
facilitates tutoring and training management activities (student course monitoring), facilitates the management of the training organization resources (trainers management, logistics and technical resources) Manages the student community Allows administrative management of documents associated with training (training certificate, for example). Around these primary purposes, other functionality and other functions can be added, such as: functionality relating to training standards and competency management, administrative management, educational resource management, training quality management the functions of administering teaching materials, administering
education or training
This is software intended for creating educational content. These software are evolving to support different models (QTI, IMS, LOM, AICC, SCORM) in order to allow the industrialization and distribution of educational content. Software used locally (word processor, spreadsheet, database, HTML editors, personal management software ) are used collaboratively thanks to their integration into web technologies and their compatibility with specific standards such as SCORM . RIA technologies are used on the client side to enhance the interactive and multimedia side of content (video, image, voice, text). Availability of an CMS server is not the main point of online training in the French
Interoperability CMS Software
CMS differ from CMS Software servers in that they add additional information and therefore functionality to interactive content to be imported and managed by compatible servers. The protocols, standards and models that must be respected are, for example, the PENS protocol initiated by the AICC CMI Subcommittee and which can be used with SCORM , AIIC or QTI content. SCORM is a model created in 1999 by ADL (US) that aims to replace the AICC, IMS, LOM models. IMS is interested in the interoperability of online applications and services, in particular through the use of xml metadata files. LOM XML Schema is the most complete standard offering over 80 metadata (in the course and not in the course itself like SCORM). It is produced by IMS and Ariadne and is best known in academic/government circles. It &
close to document management issues . LOM files can be transferred over the Internet using various xml protocols over http. Can Core provides a free guide to interpreting and implementing each element of the LOM standard .
The SCORM standard allows you to index content, but also to monitor, evaluate and observe student progress (course screen or assignment). The pattern allows the student to follow a sequence of screens with or without the possibility of backtracking, in addition to automatically presenting the order of the questions in a random way. SCORM-compliant content creation software allows you to create educational content that knows at all times the time spent on each screen, the screens viewed, and the responses selected by the student. This assessment information, previously managed locally in the educational content or in the application to be saved locally or printed, is sent here and stored at the level of the LMS that hosts the content (the LMS and the content must be SCORM compatible).
Advantages and Disadvantages
Making content SCORM compliant is very difficult and requires a lot of knowledge that a single teacher cannot master. SCORM privileges form (multimedia) and technique (continuous monitoring system) over content and dialogue. The evolution of the LMS may be the equivalent of what is being done. This platform allows continuous computer monitoring of what students do without going into content-level
monitoring of their actions, as the SCORM standard does. The student progresses by following online videos usually taken with a only by the teacher& voice. In face-to- face classes, the teacher, thanks to the system, bets on support through exercises and dialogue and on students with learning difficulties. Through this system, students progress on their own and are personally responsible for themselves. Client sites are web browsers and therefore very few work in offline mode ( gears, web socket ). The solution is to use virtual machines not only inside the
browser (Applet) but also outside it ( application ).
An CMS focuses on distance learning and is more often than not a platform for students and teachers. CMS typically rely on back office systems such as training management software for logistical, administrative and financial functionality -especially needed for the administration of face-to-face training.